Ertugrul city in Turkey or the city of “Sogut” written in the Turkish language as “Söğüt” and pronounces the old Ottoman language “Skud” meaning willow tree, and it is a city located in the Turkish province of “Bilecik” located in the Marmara region in Turkey.
The city of Sogut is the most important historical landmark in Turkey. Millions are attracted to it every year, and it is the mausoleum of “Ertugrul “, the great ancestor of the Ottoman sultans. The famous series “The Resurrection of Ertugrul ” tells the story of his life and struggle, and “Ertugrul” gains his popularity as a leader who changed the map of the world and made a simple tribe inhabiting the tents, the nucleus of an empire Great.
His son “Osman Ghazi” continued his struggle and combating after him and led the tribe and strengthened its pillars, gained independence from the Seljuk state, and established the Ottoman Empire that ruled the world for five consecutive centuries. Come learn about the history of the city of Sogut and its historical features through the following article.
Location of the city of Sogut “Ertugrul city in turkey” :
Ertugrul city is a city located in Bilecik province in the Turkish Marmara region. The city is bordered on the west by the capital city of Bilecik, which is about 31 km from Sogut.
From the north, the city of “Golpazari”, and from the north-east, “Anisar”, and from the southeast, the city of “Eskişehir”, which is about 52 km from “Sogut”.
“Sogut” (Ertugrul city) relies mainly on “Eskisehir” to obtain its economic needs to meet the needs of the population, Sogut has an area of 599 square kilometers.
History of Ertugrul city in turkey:
The city of Sogut was the first capital of the Ottoman Empire in the period from 1299 to 1325 AD, after which the capital was transferred to the city of Bursa in 1336 AD.
And in this region inhabited the “Kayi” tribe, whose leader and master was “Ertugrul” and was inhabited by the Muslim Oguz Turks,
And this tribe was located in western Anatolia in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries AD, and “Ertugrul” is the father of “Osman Ghazi” or “Osman bin Ertugrul”, the founder of the Ottoman Empire who defeated the Byzantines during his reign from 1299 to 1326
Ertugrul led the Kayi tribe and strengthened its pillars, and established the nucleus of a vast country that had lived for many centuries, when “Othman bin Ertugrul” passed away, his son “Orhan” named the tribe by the name “Othmaniyya” or “Al Othman” in memory of his father.
After that, the village of Sogut appeared and became the capital of the Al Othman tribe, until the capital was later transferred to Bursa in 1336 AD.
The most important landmarks of Ertugrul city in turkey:
Ertugrul Mausoleum and Cemetery:
There is an Ertugrul mausoleum in the city of Sogut, and it was built for the first time as an open tomb by Othman bin Artagarl after the death of his father in 1280 AD. The tomb was later transformed into a mausoleum (building above the grave) during the reign of Sultan Mehmed I. Then Sultan Mustafa III rebuilt it in 1757 AD, and in the year 1886 AD, during the reign of Sultan Abdul Hamid II, the mausoleum was restored and a fountain was added to the place.
The design of the mausoleum: The design of the mausoleum is unique in the form of a hexagonal building covered by a dome, under which is the tomb of Artgrel, and the entrance to the mausoleum is a rectangular room on both sides of which are two windows.
Ertugrul gave his son Othman a long and valuable will. In it, he urges him to obey God’s saints from among the scholars, and he specifically meant his sheikh and his nanny “Adah Bali” and part of this will is hanging at the tomb of Ertugrul.
Next to the cemetery, there is also the tomb of Sultana “Halima Khatoun”, wife of Ertugrul and mother of “Othman Ghazi”. There is also the tomb of “Kunduz Bey”, the eldest son of Ertugrul, and the tomb of “Sawoji Bey”, the middle son of Ertugrul,
The tomb of Osman Ghazi, the youngest son of Ertugrul and founder of the Ottoman Empire, however, the remains of “Osman bin Ertugrul” were transferred according to a will recommended by his son, “Orhan,” to Bursa.
The Ertugrul cemetery and mausoleum has become one of Turkey’s most important historical landmarks. It receives millions of visitors every year from the Turks and tourists from different countries to watch it. This is why the city of Sogut is actually called Ertugrul city in Turkey.
Upon its visit, you will find a scene of a guard wearing the historical war clothing worn by the Oguz tribes, which reminds us of the characters of the famous series ” Ertugrul Resurrection,” and the guards carry in their hands ancient swords and ancient defense tools.
Ertugrul Gazi Museum in the Turkish city of Sogut:
There is the Ertugrul Gazi museum in the Turkish city of “Sogut” or “Scud”,
It is a museum that is not located in the same suburb with the cemetery, but rather is located somewhere else in the city.
The construction of the museum building dates back to the early twentieth century, and was initially used as a dispensary and pharmacy.
Then it was renovated and reopened in 2001 as a museum. Ertugrul Gazi museum now contains many ethnographic elements from the Euroc tribes that used to live in the Bilecik region,
And among the most important of those items in the museum, old clothes, carpets, scales, flags, weapons, money, and coins.
There are also coins from the Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman periods and tools from the Roman Empire. The Turkish ministry for culture and tourism now offers a virtual tour for Ertugrul city in Turkey and specifically for the Ertugrul Gazi museum